Cannabis contains a wide range of compounds with various effects. Some, but not all, are useful for treatment. Similarly, some forms (but not all) are legal in some states.
In this article, we look at what CBD is, how it can benefit your personal health, how to use it, possible risks, and its legal status in the United States.
Is CBD Legal?
The Farm Bill removed hemp from the statutory definition of marijuana under the Controlled Substances Act. This has led to the federal legalization of hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3% THC. However, Buy CBD Oil products containing more than 0.3% THC still fall under the legal definition of marijuana, making them illegal under the federal government but legal under some state laws. Check your state laws, especially when traveling. Also, keep in mind that the FDA has not approved over-the-counter CBD products and the labeling of some products may be inaccurate.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD is one of the many cannabinoids (compounds) in the cannabis plant. Researchers have been investigating possible therapeutic uses for CBD.
Two compounds in marijuana are delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD. These compounds have different effects.
Until recently, THC was the most well-known compound in cannabis. It is the most active ingredient and has a psychological effect. It creates a mind-altering “excitement” when a person smokes or uses it in cooking. This is because THC is broken down when a person heats it and introduces it into the body.
Conversely, CBD is not a psychoactive substance. It does not change a person’s state of mind when using it. However, it can cause significant changes in the body and has shown significant medical benefits.
Where Does CBD Come From?
CBD comes from the cannabis plant. People refer to the cannabis plant as hemp or marijuana depending on the amount of THC it contains.
The FDA notes that cannabis plants are legal under the Farm Bill as long as they contain less than 0.3% THC.
Over the years, marijuana farmers have selectively grown plants to contain high levels of THC and other compounds that suit their interests.
But hemp farmers rarely fertilize their plants. CBD oil comes from the legal hemp plant.
How CBD Works
All cannabinoids affect the body by interacting with cannabinoid receptors, which form part of the endocannabinoid system.
The body produces two receptors.
CB1 receptors are present all over the body, especially in the brain. They coordinate movement, pain, emotions, mood, thoughts, appetite, memory, and other functions.
CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain.